A boundary survey is a process carried out to determine property lines and define true property corners of a parcel of land described in its deed. It also indicates the extent of any easements or encroachments and may show the limitations imposed on the property by state or local regulations.
Topographic surveys are used to identify and map the contours of the ground and existing features on the surface of the earth or slightly above or below the earth’s surface. It is often used for drainage studies, planning, and design.
An ALTA survey is a boundary survey prepared to a set of minimum standards that have been jointly prepared and adopted by the American Land Title Association (ALTA) and the American Congress of Surveying and Mapping the National Society of Professional Surveyors (NSPS). The survey shows improvements, easements, rights-of-way, and other elements impacting land ownership.
Otherwise known as “staking”, “stake-out”, “lay-out” or “setting-out” is to stake out reference points and markers that will guide the construction of new structures such as roads or buildings. These markers are usually staked out according to a set of plans and suitable coordinate system selected for the project.
As-built surveys are needed to record variations from original Engineering plans to what is actually built. As-built surveys are required by many agencies to prove the location of a structure at a point in time.
An Elevation Certificate is an important tool that documents your building’s elevation. If you live in a high-risk flood zone, you should provide an Elevation Certificate to your insurance agent to obtain flood insurance and ensure that your premium accurately reflects your risk. This certificate is often requested by lenders when financing a new or existing home.
Radial surveys may be used to determine the required information associated with photogrammetric control points. Radial maps are also used to determine the distances between structures, this is required by the city when opening certain business such as an Assisting Living Facility (ALF) or any place that will sell alcohol (Liquor Survey).